FEMALE FOETICIDE IN INDIA

Written by- Smriti Singh BALLB 3rd year student ICFAI University Dehradun

Abstract

She is a creator of the world don’t destroy her. It’s time to give her back what she gives to us. The threat of a warped sex relationship is one of the biggest threats to today’s culture. The rising disparity between men and women has led to various crimes such as drug trafficking in children, sexual harassment, polygamy and social in humanization. Such acts have made the planet more dangerous for women. Female foeticide is one of the world’s worst crimes; perhaps detestable is that the criminals belong to the educated class. This challenge is being posed by our ancient and incomplete view of male childhood, lack of education, ever-growing population and dowry. Certain measures and their implementation must take place immediately.

Introduction

In the traditional Indian household, the preference for a son is still a prevalent law. This is clear from the declining sex ratio, which according to the 2001 census reports dropped to alarming levels, in particular in the northern states. In the middle and highest socio- economic families in particular the northern states, the proliferation and abuse of advanced technologies coupled with social factors contributes to women’s low standing like the dowry, family name concerns, and a son as a pacemaker has led to the wicked practice of female feticides.

Despite the fact that the Prenatal Methods Act exists, it is very important for this statute to be enforced, as there are very small percentages of arrests as compared with the magnitude of this crime. It is also necessary, through women’s empowerment and intensive information , education and communication campaigns, to focus efforts on the cultural, commercial and religious roots of this social illness. Health schools and educational colleges play an important role in increasing awareness of future doctors and physicians.

Female foeticide occurs when an unborn baby is aborted after determination that it is female.

The Indian census data indicates that an anomalous sex ratio and improved social-economic status and literacy are positively correlated. This could be associated with the dowsing system in India, when a girl is seen as a financial burden when dowsing deaths occur. The data from the 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses suggesting higher prevalence of female foeticide in urban India indicate a higher ratio of sex among children compared to rural India.

In addition, “standard” sex ratios for children from 104 to 106 boys per 100 girls are found in regions where the predominant majority is Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and Christian, and the predominant majority is Hindu, Muslim, Sikh or Christian. These data contradict any hypothesis that sex selection is an archaic practice between uneducated, poor or special religions in Indian society. There is on going debate that such high sex ratios are caused only by female foeticide, or that natural causes compensate for a higher ratio.

Under this illegal practice, the sex of the unborn child is determined by using the ultrasound technique, and if a female foetus happens to be, it is aborted through medicine or surgery. This is one of the  most ferocious social evils. It roots in the patriarchal mentality in which boys are preferred over girls, not just rural but urban areas, for various irrational reasons. We have to raise awareness levels against the regressive practice of female foeticide, Implement legislation far more rigorously and provide the households with much more incentives for a girl’s birth. The major reason behind female foeticide is preference towards male child by patriarchal social structure and society in India. Families usually tend to bear the family via the birth of sons over daughters. The male child must perform the father’s last rites in the absence of which, it is assumed that after death, the father does not achieve salvation. In most traditional conservationist families, a young girl child, due to the often high demands of the huge amount as a dowry at the time of her marriage is more or less considered a liability or burden. It is seen, on the other hand, that the male father deals with marriage very hard for his son. Although parents face similar ordeals in educating and settling their children, be they children or girls, the baby boy ‘s thinking is inclined to refuse to leave to kill foetuses. Advances in science and technology made the gender of the foetus very simple.

Unfortunately, some unscrupulous doctors have also found themselves increasingly involved in illegally trading for testing for sex and then fulfilling parents’ wishes for a female abortion of the foetus. Although the unscrupulous assassination of women foetus is little justification, there is a third trend towards illegal sex-determination in families across the country, both in urban and rural areas. On its part, the government has attempted to regulate the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques, PNDT Act 1994 and also established for legal or medical use of  a central body to check killing of female foetus through abortion. We also can not accuse the entire class of doctors for conducting sex selective examinations. It’s just an unscrupulous bunch of doctors who are ready parent partners because many girls can not come to the world.

As per the provisions of Pre Natal Diagnostics Techniques (PNDT) Act, It is a felony for the pairs calling for the female foetus abortion, and for the doctors calling for the abortion. It is also socially an immoral act, through conservative views or greed, to end the life of an unborn child. The parents of the girl do not know they have to make equal efforts to raise and settle their child regardless of sex.

Nobody expected technological progress to lead to womanly foeticide. While technology for sex screening was designed to investigate pre-natal complications, it was suspected of misusing women’s foetus abortions in India during the 1980s. In 1994, pre-natal diagnostic techniques Act (PNDT)  was passed by the Government of India. This Act was further amended in the 2004 PCPNDT Law with a mandate to deter and punish the prenatal sex screen and female foeticide pre-conception and pre-natal diagnostic techniques. However, there is poor enforcement of all of these legal provisions.

The outlook for the girl child is slowly nevertheless beginning to shift, with women in all occupations, many of which were traditionally regarded as the sole realms of men, proving their worth. The rights of a girl to have equality of opportunity for upbringing, health, education and jobs are increasingly being recognized. The Central Government, as well as the State Governments, run many programs and  aimed at enhancing the number of women in the country. As a result, women’s attitudes to break down all barriers to their entire development are markedly shifting.

The winds of change are beginning to blow in society, with girls in different professions, considered to be male bastions until now, like boxing, wrestling, martial arts, armed forces, etc. ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao,’ Beti Bachao, has become a countrywide movement and is now educating the young girl. Thankfully, increasing numbers of physicians have now rallied against sexual abortion. The development of the nation in many countries is very promising and will also help to correct the skewed ratio of male and female.

But gradually there have begun to blow the winds of change throughout society as girls in several professions are doing exceptionally good, bringing their families, cities and nations a sense of pride and recognition. They have bridged every barrier and excelled in every field, whether sport, military, trade or politics. Only two women won the lone medal for India at the recent Rio Olympics 2016 – PV Sindhu, Bahaminton, and Sakshi Malik. Women – Sonia Gandhi, Priyanka Gandhi, Sheila Dixit; Sushma Swaraj, Uma Bharti, Vasundhra Raje, Menaka Gandhi, Smriti Irani, Panka Munde, Mamata Bannerjee, Mayawati, etc. – also dominate today’s political domain.

As such, we can also not say that we have brought the female foeticism to an end, as it takes time for changes of attitude to take place in every city in the world. This results in a change of social attitude towards women which leads to their empowerment. Generally, many parents take sex-selective testing after the birth of two or more girls and only go on pregnancy when the foetus is a male.

Conclusion

Each people of this country has a social and moral obligation to put the practice of female foetus and to raise awareness about the need to believe in the merits of women, as they have demonstrated their excellent performance in different professions, to play multiple roles in the lives of the nation. Nature has also endowed women with equal ease and success to perform different roles as a daughter, sister, wife and mother.

The days are gone when women were considered to be Paray dhan — to care for their husband family; now they are individuals who in all professions, while managing their homes and families, leave a distinct mark on themselves. They bring their parents and their country laurels. They are the creator of a nation. Your girl’s name is Forthcoming and your mother’s name is past  therefore save the little girl and secure the future.

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